The soil is too dry, or you have added too much fertilizer that it is choking the plant. It helps the young and vibrantly growing leaves to maximize the nutrients available and initiate robust growth. However, you will struggle to get any fragrance from the tiny peacock plant flowers. However, you need to reduce watering during the winter. Makoyana can thrive in low to medium indirect light. It is understandable because the plant grows in the … They do take a little bit of work to keep in good condition, so read on to learn all you need to know about peacock plant care. With these measures, you will notice an improvement within two weeks. Moreover, the flower appears sporadically throughout the year, denying plant owners the certainty of waiting for a particular season. Do not apply fertilizer during winter because the plant is in a dormant state. The main diseases affecting Calathea plants are root rot and Pseudomonas leaf spot. Calathea grows in the tropical rainforest where the plant stands in a warm and humid place, protected from direct sunlight. The parasites are cleared by sprinkling the leaves with water. Calatheas are quite sensitive to over-fertilizing, so err on the side of caution. ¡Hola! As the leaves age, they will periodically yellow or brown and then die. The plant is unhappy because you are providing insufficient water. In nature, Calathea are found at bases of trees and their leaves are meant to hold and distribute water. Fluoride in municipal water can damage plants. It limits the speed of growth and helps you to maintain the desired size, especially one that complements both the pot used and the space available indoors. If the humidity level goes below 60%, the leaves will protest with brown spots and edges on leaves. Calathea makoyana. Calathea Makoyana is also sensitive to the quality of water you feed the plant. NOT humidity. Plant parents typically see brown tips on leaves and assume more water is needed. The practice involves removing the old lower leaves to give way to young, beautiful, and new leaves. All you need is to know how to balance the delicate needs of one of the most graceful plants to enjoy its beautiful foliage display throughout the year. Use NPK fertilizer or spray foliar to improve the nitrogen levels in your soil. eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'bigboyplants_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_0',114,'0','0']));The most common disease is root rot that emanates from overwatering. Try bottled water or at least regularly flush your Calathea ornata’s soil using distilled water! An electronic humidifier will also help you to maintain the right humidity level. As with many other houseplants, the peacock plant also has tropic origins which is one of the reasons it does so well indoors. For information on how to grow a peacock plant, continue reading. The peacock plant can only be described as a heavy feeder because it loves fertile soil. Remember, it will be easier to propagate during repotting. Use bright fluorescent lighting if you cannot access natural light. Fertilization: Use Fox Farms Boomerang Comeback formula every other watering. Simply fill your watering can and leave it overnight to dissipate the chlorine. Calathea Makoyana demands a humidity level above 60% at all times. Calathea Makoyana prefers average to warm room temperature ranging from 70oF-85oF or 21oC-29oC. When watering a Calathea plant, thoroughly drench the soil with lukewarm water until it pours out the bottom. The only way to cure chemical contamination will be repotting, a process that may slow the growth of your peacock plant. We are BigBoyPlants Place your peacock plant where it receives bright, indirect light. These plants are commonly seen in office buildings because they are simple to care for, but they do need a certain amount of light, water, and humidity to prosper. Some Calathea varieties, however, have beautiful and conspicuous flowers. Monitor the effects of indoor cooling and heating on humidity levels around the plant and make necessary adjustments to maintain the right balance. A tropical houseplant that has showy leaves resembling a peacock's tail. Another option is to improvise a humidifier by placing a tray of water with pebbles at the foot of the plant. Ensure that your soil drains the water sufficiently to leave it moist. The pests pierce leaves, stems, branches, and tree trunks to feed on the sap within these plant tissues, damaging the plant overall. If you can try and raise the levels even if you just mist the plant or seat the pot on a tray of pebbles with water inside. If caught soon enough you can repot the plant, to try to save it. Avoid placing the plant near the window or any place with regular drafts. The colorful leaves of Calathea Makoyana call for attention and might, therefore, not want to be hidden at a corner. Calatheas are sensitive to salt and fluoride in water (3) so make sure to spray them with rainwater or boiled tap water cooled to room temperature (2). Calathea care: Watering As mentioned before, Calathea plants like to be in moist soil and should never be allowed to fully dry out between waterings. Without the proper care, these plants can be fussy and difficult, so it is essential to know what this plant requires to thrive. If you want to witness its colorful foliage display, you must try to mimic the conditions of the Amazonian region right at home. When it is time to repot plants, carefully divide the crown and root ball into two or more sections. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'bigboyplants_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_3',109,'0','0']));Calathea Makoyana requires moderate watering using chemical-free water. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'bigboyplants_com-leader-4','ezslot_15',113,'0','0']));Repotting is best done in spring or summer during robust growth. Mist the leaves with filtered or distilled water to avoid damaging them with fluoride or place the pot on a saucer of wet pebbles. The quality of soil used in potting peacock plants will be affected by factors like the amount of water, the chemical composition of the water, and the drainage efficiency of the pot used. Reduce the frequency and amount of water during winter. Take the plant away from heating or cooling vents because the conditions they create usually interfere with humidity. Cut back on both watering and feeding in fall and winter—during this time of year, your calathea needs no fertilizer at all, and you only need to water it after the soil has had a chance to dry out a little. Calathea Orbifolia. smartgardenguide.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com and other Amazon stores worldwide. As with many other houseplants, one of the biggest contributors to diseases and pests is overwatering so water plants only when they need it to help minimize infestations. Peacock plants are propagated through division. The spots run along the striking main vein. As root rot progresses leaves turn yellow, wilt, or droop and then become mushy as well. Scale is a threat to most species of shade and fruit trees, ornamental shrubs, and houseplants. USDA Hardiness Zones 10A to 11 are warm enough to grow the plants outside under the canopy of other trees or shrubs. Use a digital humidifier to monitor and maintain the right humidity. Place them in a shaded location or under the canopy of trees or other plants to keep them out of direct sunlight. Insect problems are more of a challenge with peacock plant care, mainly if you have neighboring houseplants with aphids, spider mites, or scale. During the winter when plant growth slows, allow the top half-inch of potting soil in the container to dry out before watering your plant again. Monitor soil moisture and add compost manure to boost fertility. I’ve written an article that looks at 10 ways to improve humidity that will help you improve humidity for your peacock plant. Water Calathea makoyana houseplant whenever the top soil is dry Water peacock plants as often as the top layer of soil dries. This plant is quite sensitive and it has been reported by some growers to dislike tap water. Soil that is contaminated with chemicals like fluoride and salts found in water or fertilizer will cause stunted growth. 8” in height. If your calathea needs daily watering but its medium takes several minutes to absorb the water you give it, it's time to repot. We are compensated for referring traffic and business to Amazon and other companies linked to on this site. If you are using fertilizer, it is recommended to dilute it to half-strength when making the potting mix. If there are any problems with Calathea care, they come from over or under-watering and lack of the right temperature or humidity levels. Calathea makoyana, commonly known as Peacock Plant or Cathedral Windows, is native to eastern Brazil. Simply mix the components together well in a larger bucket and then use the mix to fill your container when potting up your plant. Light/Watering: Grow in partial shade to shade and water when the … Because the Peacock plant is native to Brazil, it needs a lot of humidity to thrive. In the absence of rainwater, allow tap water to sit in a bucket for 24hrs before watering. Temperatures around such an area could be challenging to control. Calathea makoyana needs bright, indirect sunlight, temperatures of 60-75°F (16-24°C), and high humidity. Peacock plants will thrive in homes with higher humidity especially where humidity levels are upwards of 60%. Water more sparingly during winter. Calathea makoyana . Just after dividing plants, ensure the humidity is high until you see new growth. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'bigboyplants_com-banner-1','ezslot_1',107,'0','0']));Calathea Makoyana is a humidity loving plant, requiring a minimum of 60%. The huge leaves are not just beautiful to see, but they clean indoor air as well, leaving you with fresh air. ... Calathea Makoyana or Peacock Plant. It will take two or more years before the Calathea Makoyana requires repotting. Further, do not leave the leaves wet all the time because they will attract fungus and generate droplets that affect the moisture content of your soil. How to Remove Dead Dry Leaves on a Calathea Makoyana. Peacock plants are non-toxic to pets. If leaf spot appears, remove the affected leaves and treat the plant with a copper-based bacteriacide. Like all houseplants, calathea enjoy filtered or dechlorinated water, and can be a little more demanding than other houseplants. Once symptoms are visible in the leaves the problem may be past the point of rectifying, endangering the entire plant. Lower light conditions will result in slower plant growth, faded leaf color, and you may also see smaller leaves or large spaces between the leaves. With an infestation of spider mites, leaves may be stippled with discoloration or turning yellow overall. So, how do you care for Calathea Makoyana or the peacock plant? Source: Merce. It will keep the plant warm and enhance humidity. It is important to fertilize your Peacock plant with a diluted liquid fertilizer once per 2 weeks. Balance the temperature and humidity during cold months when indoor spaces are dry and enclosed. In rooms that receive a lot of direct light, you can place your plant further from the window, or shield it from direct light with furniture, curtains or blinds. Calathea Makoyana demands a humidity level above 60% at all times. Water is especially necessary during the growing season. It should take two weeks to one month for the plant to regain its glorious appearance. However, their delicate nature means that you cannot expose them to direct sunshine unless it’s the therapeutic early morning shine. Watering is an important aspect of Calathea ornata care. We are not experts, but we will dig into extensive research to get the best resources, so you can learning everything about plants at home. Calathea is a magnificent plant native to South America. Peacock plant care isn’t impacted too badly with disease and pest problems, although they do exist. The attractive foliage on the Calathea is what makes them popular with homeowners as houseplants. As a general rule of thumb, you want to balance the humidity levels with the temperature levels. I like to water my peacock plant once the top of the soil starts to feel a little dry. Moreover, the gorgeous foliage will turn yellow and begin to wilt if the water is not adequate. Cover the propagated plants with a polythene bag until new leaves have sprouted. You can help prevent leaf spot by keeping the foliage dry when watering. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'bigboyplants_com-leader-3','ezslot_13',112,'0','0']));If the leaves turn lighter in color, it means that they lack iron or nitrogen. Treatment: Avoid constantly wet soil. With calatheas, I think it is really important to monitor humidity levels to prevent any issues. 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