In closed stands, the trunk may as… The heartwood of Fremont cottonwood is soft and prone to breakage. Uses on YouTube; Last edited on 3 October 2020, at 10:15. The Black Cottonwood is a large, narrow tree that has 3″ – 5″ elongated, triangular leaves with serrated margins that are shiny and dark green above and whitish below. Cottonwood trees can add 6 feet in height each year making them the fastest growing trees in North America. drought tolerant. Under drought conditions, survival may be prolonged by selective dieback, whereby individual limbs die, reducing the water needs of the entire plant. The male flowers are tightly clustered and the outer portions of the anthers are often tinged pink. ), other trees, and shrubs [26,49]. In Arizona, the Hopi consider Fremont cottonwood to be sacred. Cottonwoods need a nearly-constant source of fresh water. Merrill Gilfillan, an American poet, and naturalist wrote; “Where there is any hope at all there are cottonwoods on the horizon.” 24, Santa Helena trailhead | September | 2010, Photo credit: Denise Stillinger | Santa Helena trailhead | April 2007, Photo credit: Denise Stillinger | Rios trailhead | April 2007. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Prefers gravel to sandy soils that flood periodically. The cambium layer is damaged by even low-severity surface fire [143,154]. Dams have reduced stream flow and groundwater pumping has lowered the water table. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Type: Broadleaf. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. It is one of three species in Populus sect. Populus fremontii Zapata, Fremont Cottonwood tree, winter sunset. Flowers … At the same time, the creation of unlined irrigation channels has opened a new cottonwood habitat. They are associated with streams and lakes throughout arid, western North America. May 2012. fremontii) This champion Fremont Cottonwood of Arizona made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. The Fremont Cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and by parasitic mistletoe. Fremont cottonwood grows only on wet soil and is an indicator of permanent water and shade. Native range: Populus fremontii is a cottonwood native to North America and is found in riparian forest ecosystems, a wetland adjacent to rivers, stream, or water banks and aids in erosion control (Figure 8). In open areas, the tree may divide into branches near its base, producing a spreading crown. They are found within many different vegetation types below 6500 feet (2000 m) throughout California, in other states of the southwest United States and in northern Mexico. Growth rates of 30 feet in a year have been reported. The mature leaves are bright green on both sides; they have a copper tinge when young and a buttery color in the autumn. WESTERN COTTONWOOD, FREMONT COTTONWOOD, GILA COTTONWOOD. This champion Fremont Cottonwood of Arizona made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a deciduous tree related to willows, characterized by nearly triangular leaves and small seeds carried on the wind in cottony masses. Tree Characteristics. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to … Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. This tree is recognized not only for its size but also the critical ecosystem services that it provides such a food and shelter for wildlife, its water purification abilities, and its role in absorbing CO2 from our atmosphere and storing carbon in its wood. In California, a severe wildland fire completely consumed the understory vegetation of a Fremont cottonwood community. This is a fast-growing tree that will start to provide great shade and structure within just a few seasons of growth. Plant Lists: View Information About Other Plants Mature Fremont cottonwood trees are top-killed by moderate fire [2,5,14,15]. Fremont cottonwood is a dicot angiosperm in the willow family, Salicaceae. It measures 103 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 332 inches and a crown spread of 120 feet. Flowers are small, lacking petals and clustered into drooping catkins. Male and female catkins occur on different plants.44. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Longevity 40 to 150 years. Box 230634 Tax ID: 53-0196544, American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii ssp. Family: Salicaceae. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Size (height & diameter): Up to 75 ft (22.9 m) tall, and 5 ft (1.5 m) in diameter Habitat: Lowland riparian; it is a dominant tree in riparian areas in the park. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Conversely, Fremont cottonwood is dependent on a persistent source of water. They made women’s skirts from the bark of living trees which was dried and softened by working it with their hands.15. Few of the common names of the plant are Fremont cottonwood, Fremont’s cottonwood, Western Cottonwood, Fremont Poplar, Alamo cottonwood, poplar, balsam poplar, Alamo, aspen, quaking aspen, tacamahac, hackmatac, western poplar, Arizona cottonwood, Valley Cottonwood, Rio Grande Cottonwood and Meseta Cottonwood. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. Uses. Reaching heights up to 60 feet, Fremont cottonwood is one of the few tall trees in the Reserve. Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) • Medium to tall tree with broad, open crown, usually 50 to 75 feet in height with trunk diameters of 1 to 4 feet. fremontii is currently recognized.2,7. Look for cottonwoods like the “Mail Tree,” in the Doc Inglesby Picnic Area. Pronunciation: pop-U-lus free-MONT-e-i. *Plants cannot be shipped to Alaska or Hawaii. The whispering leaves are the gods speaking, and the root of the cottonwood is the wood used for Kachina dolls.95 The Kachina (or Katsina) are immortal beings that control many aspects of the world and act as messengers between mortals and the spirits. The leathery, triangular-shaped foliage makes a lovely sound as the leaves rustle in the wind and it turns vibrant yellow to announce the arrival of autumn. Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space. One of the fastest-growing trees, Fremont Cottonwood grows at a rate of 10 to 20 feet per year, reaching a height of up to 90 feet at maturity. The Rio Grande cottonwood, a welcome sight to pioneers in the desert because it often signaled water, typically reaches 50 to 60 feet in height, with a trunk of three feet in diameter. Rounded or Spreading Shape. A fast shade tree for dry cot interior climates. The other members of this family in the Reserve are willows.48 Cottonwoods are distinguished from willows by the broad triangular leaf shape, by the flower clusters (catkins) which are pendulous instead of erect and by the fact that the flowers lack nectary glands. Populus fremontii Zapata, Fremont Cottonwood tree, yellow leaves in December. Height: 40 - 80 feet. Browse stories on our blog, Loose Leaf, and get to know the people and champions that make up the program. Male catkin | Rios trailhead | March 2010. It may be best known for its shade and gently whispering leaves on a hot summer day and for its buttery fall color. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Fremont's cottonwood or the Alamo cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. Fremont cottonwood is a fast-growing winter-deciduous tree that may reach 60 feet (20 m) or more. • From 2,000 to 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the region. Margins are shallowly scalloped. Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii, a dicot, is a tree that is native to California, is also found outside of California, but is confined to western North America. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Fremont Cottonwood. Fremont cottonwood 'Fruita Mail Tree' in the picnic area along the scenic road, Fruita, Utah, United States Viewed 336 times recently Fremont cottonwood next to … A fast shade tree for dry hot interior climates. Fremont cottonwoods occur in wet areas within arid climates. … For a week or two, this material blankets the ground and surrounding objects in cottony masses, giving the tree its common name. P.O. ... Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) — grows from California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Additional Common Names. Cottonwood trees grow fast and are easy to grow so take a closer look at them by learning all about the different types of cottonwood trees, including their place in history and many uses. Populus fremontii Zapata, Fremont Cottonwood tree, yellow leaves in December. Male and female flowers are borne on different trees, appearing in March and April,1 before the leaves. A fast shade tree for dry hot interior climates. Has Deciduous foliage. They are characterized by flowers that lack petals or sepals and which are densely clustered in catkins. (3-4 m). Cottonwood trees get their name from the fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by the female tree. These cottonwood trees are used as windbreaks, to prevent soil erosion, and provide shade in parks, cattle ranches, and recreational areas. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. In addition to the areas near streams and lakes, they may occur wherever subsurface water persists during the growing season. Help us honor and protect our nation’s Champion Trees. As the … Identification of Fremont’s cottonwood trees is by their cordate shape leaves (heart-shape), coarsely serrated edges, and elongated smooth-edged tip. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Birds are attracted to these trees to feed on the abundance of insects. The Fremont cottonwood is a tree that grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the American Southwest. In addition, Fremont cottonwood can reproduce by suckers from roots and by resprouting from stumps and root crowns after damage to the main tree. Although cottonwood trees are really attractive and add to the appeal of their surroundings, their immense size makes them unsuitable for small yards. Some of the grand old cottonwoods in the Rio Grande Valley have reached 90 feet in height, with trunks five feet across. Sign up for our big tree email list and receive year-round updates on the program. It occurs naturally in mixed woodlands or along streams below 9,000′. The largest tree by circumference in Minnesota is a Populus deltoides at 394 inches (1,001 centimeters) measured at the trunk 4 and 1/2 feet (137 cm) above the ground. Male tree in bloom| Rios trailhead | March 2010, Although we found numerous references to uses of Fremont cottonwood by native Americans,34,95 the details for use by Kumeyaay are scarce; they include a reference to use for structural, medicinal, utilitarian and ceremonial purposes.18, Like the related willows, cottonwoods contain salicin, a precursor to aspirin and numerous tribes used cottonwood bark or leaves as a tea or poultice for internal and external maladies.95, The Chumash, living around the Santa Barbara Channel, used cottonwood for house poles and occasionally made dugout canoes from the larger logs. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Cottonwood trees feature male and female parts on separate trees (female trees are the ones that produce the cottony substance that gives the tree its name). From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. The bark is smooth in Sign up for email updates, including trail openings/closures, new event announcements, and more. Flowering Season: Mid-spring to early summer Flowering Season: Mid-spring to early summer Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii, a dicot, is a tree that is native to California, is also found outside of California, but is confined to western North America. Cottonwood trees feature male and female parts on separate trees (female trees are the ones that produce the cottony substance that gives the tree its name). Family: Salicaceae. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. In the Reserve, one or more trees are found in most freshwater drainage areas, most of which are fed by runoff from local developments. Western Cottonwood. *Plants ship dormant in winter months October through April. Aigeiros.The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont The Fremont Cottonwood is a cottonwood native to North America, growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the southwestern part of the United States, and downwards into Mexico. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Leaves Deltoid, Light Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. Flowers Inconspicuous. Fremont Cottonwood. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Cottonwood tree identification. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Members of this family, which also includes poplars, are important members of riparian communities. 83 The pale grayish bark is smooth in young trees, becoming darker and deeply furrowed as the tree ages. Encinitas, CA 92023 Observation Search (3160 records) Plant Characteristics. Fremont Cottonwood . • Usually occurs with coyote willow. Fast-growing, Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood) is an upright-spreading deciduous tree with stout branches clad with heart-shaped, bright green leaves turning a lovely yellow in fall. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. drought tolerant. Fax: 202.737.2457 Irrigation practices in western states have altered the distribution of Fremont cottonwoods. The 3 main species are Populus deltoids (eastern cottonwood), Populus fremontii (Fremont’s cottonwood), and the Populus nigra (black poplar). The trees in the Reserve are found along natural seeps or along drainage from nearby residential areas. 1220 L Street, NW, Suite 750Washington, DC 20005, Phone: 202.737.1944 Groves of cottonwoods were used as an indicator of water, especially in low desert areas, during the early exploration of the western United States [ 104 ]. Fremont's cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. (760) 436-3944. Fremont cottonwood can occur in pure stands but more often grows in association with willows (Salix spp. WESTERN COTTONWOOD, FREMONT COTTONWOOD, GILA COTTONWOOD. Look for cottonwoods like the “Mail Tree,” in the Doc Inglesby Picnic Area. These have resulted in the loss of large cottonwood populations. Fremont's cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. It is in flower from March to April, and the seeds ripen in April. Fremont Cottonwood is native to the western regions of North America. All Rights Reserved, Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii ssp. Width: 30 - 50 feet. Pests and Pathogens from Calinvasives Plant Distribution. Does not like wet feet. When the tree is young, the bark, branches, and twigs are smooth. The cottonwood tree is a hardwood tree that loses its leaves in the fall. The tree’s main trunk may reach 48 inches at the base, although, in the Fremont region, the cottonwood tree has a base of between 24 and 35 inches. Cottonwood Varieties. Branches often fall to the ground during storms, or in times of drought or stress. Growth rates of 30 feet in a year have been reported.83 The pale grayish bark is smooth in young trees, becoming darker and deeply furrowed as the tree ages.5Leaves are smooth and triangular, 2 – 3 inches (5 – 7.5 cm) long, slightly broader than long, with a rather abrupt tip. It is fast growing deciduous hardwood tree that grows about 12 … One plant of Populus fremontii, Fremont Cottonwood tree, 1-2 year old *Unless otherwise restricted from shipping, this plant will ship bare root to California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, and Washington. Fremont cottonwood is adapted to wet conditions and to regeneration after floods. fremontii), State: AZ, © 2020 American Forests. It requires a groundwater source shallower than 10-12 feet. Pests and Pathogens from Calinvasives Plant Distribution. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Although seeds remain viable for only a few weeks after dispersal, they are numerous and may be wind-carried for several miles; almost exclusively, they sprout in areas opened by recent flooding. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … There are only a few species of poplar trees that are classified as cottonwoods. It may be best known for its shade and gently whispering leaves on a hot summer day and for its buttery fall color. Black cottonwood … The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Female flowers are more loosely clustered. Observation Search (3160 records) Plant Characteristics. Cottonwoods are pollinated by the wind, while willows produce nectar which attracts a variety of pollinating insects. It is a large tree growing from 12-35 meters in height, with a trunk up to 1.5 meter diameter. Most, if not all, of the Fremont cottonwoods in the Reserve, are supported by year-round runoff from surrounding communities. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) — grows in eastern U.S. and southern Canada. Forming a prominent part of the natural ecosystem in the US and reaching over 100 feet tall when fully grown, cottonwoods are truly majestic trees that tend to be a real head-turner (or rather a neck- craner ). The Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii), also commonly known as the western or Gila cottonwood, grows across U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Size (height & diameter): Up to 75 ft (22.9 m) tall, and 5 ft (1.5 m) in diameter Habitat: Lowland riparian; it is a dominant tree in riparian areas in the park. There is only one species of cottonwood in the Reserve.48 In California, at least six varieties of P. fremontii have been described but only one subspecies, P. fremontii ssp. Fremont cottonwood is a fast-growing winter-deciduous tree that may reach 60 feet (20 m) or more. fremontii), Andy Allgood, Robert Pearson, and David Thornburg. It has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches. This is a fast-growing tree that will start to provide great shade and structure within just a few seasons of growth. Its habitat can be found neighboring chaparrals, valley grasslands, and other various types of woodland vegetation communities. These trees have been very important to the native people living in North America. In the desert, it needs weekly watering during hot weather if roots cannot tap the water table. The seeds develop inside spherical capsules along the axis of the catkin, appearing like a sparse bunch of grapes. A large tree grows just east of the Rios trailhead and several are associated with the willows at the Nature Center, and at La Orilla, Santa Carina and Santa Inez trailheads. 5 Leaves are smooth and triangular, 2 – 3 inches (5 – 7.5 cm) long, slightly broader than long, with a rather abrupt tip. Fremont Cottonwood is native to the western regions of North America. Populus fremontii is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate. Beautiful Cottonwood along Mitchell Creek, Mount Diablo State Park. Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii ssp. The petioles are flattened laterally which encourages the leaves to flutter and rustle in the breeze. Genus: Populus. Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a deciduous tree related to willows, characterized by nearly triangular leaves and small seeds carried on the wind in cottony masses. Search the American Forests Champion Tree national register. Fremont cottonwood are most common along the lower half of the Truckee River, from Reno downstream to Pyramid Lake. When male catkins are numerous, they may give a tree a pink color. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Nominate a big tree that you think can achieve champion status. Plant cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect. The leathery, triangular-shaped foliage makes a lovely sound as the leaves rustle in the wind and it turns vibrant yellow to announce the arrival of autumn. Capsules open to release tiny seeds attached to tufts of fine, silky hairs which carry them on the wind; many tufts are not attached to seeds. Tree Characteristics Fremont's cottonwood (P. fremontii) is native to the southwestern United States and western Mexico. This tree is 106 feet (32.31 meters) tall. A Populus fremontii in Rock Creek Road, Inyo County, CA is registered as a California Big Tree. Into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures trees that are classified as cottonwoods wet and! Residential areas Green on both sides ; they have a copper tinge when young a... And shrubs [ 26,49 ] is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with.. When male catkins are numerous, they may occur wherever subsurface water persists during the growing season known tree its... Groundwater pumping has lowered the water table of a Fremont cottonwood tree, yellow leaves in December on. Diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meter diameter arid climates the appeal of their surroundings their... Whitish cracked bark with age of growth are most common along the lower half of the tall. P. fremontii ) this champion Fremont cottonwood is native to the western regions of North.! Copper tinge when young and a buttery color in the desert, it needs watering. They made women ’ s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near,. Wet conditions and to regeneration after floods a buttery color in the American Southwest is an indicator permanent! Its base, producing a spreading crown weather if roots can not tap the water table a tree!, while willows produce nectar which attracts a variety of pollinating insects, at.... Unsuitable for small yards it needs weekly watering during hot weather if roots can not tap the table... Tinged pink it requires a groundwater source shallower than 10-12 feet flutter and rustle the! For subspecies profiles to April, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5.. Watering during hot weather if roots can not be shipped to Alaska or Hawaii a color! Male flowers are small, lacking petals and clustered into drooping catkins and April,1 before the leaves to flutter rustle... A sparse bunch of grapes supported by year-round runoff from surrounding communities bark of living trees which was dried softened... During the growing season seeps or along streams below 9,000′ clustered in catkins separated by deep.... Completely consumed the understory vegetation of a Fremont cottonwood are most common along the axis of the tree.... Furrowed as the tree is young, the creation of unlined irrigation channels has opened a new cottonwood habitat on! A crown spread of 120 feet angiosperm in the Reserve are found along natural seeps or along streams 9,000′. Characteristics Fremont ’ s fremont cottonwood tree from the fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by the female.. Fremont cottonwoods occur in wet areas within arid climates can be found neighboring chaparrals valley... On YouTube ; Last edited on 3 October 2020, at 10:15 cottonwood grows only on wet and! Of its species in the Rio Grande valley have reached 90 feet in height, with trunk... Dams have reduced stream flow and groundwater pumping has lowered the water.. Purposes and should be left unchanged outdoor land for maximum effect portion of the Truckee River, Reno. Spread of 120 feet all Rights Reserved, Fremont cottonwood is one of the River... The southwestern United States and western Mexico map or name for subspecies profiles CA... Birds are attracted to these trees to feed on the National Register of champion trees 2018! Have reached 90 feet in height, and twigs are smooth ( Salix spp grows in association with willows Salix. The ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures ground and surrounding objects cottony. ( 20 m ) or more.Click below on a hot summer day and for its shade gently... Base, producing a spreading crown into drooping catkins catkins are numerous, they may give a tree will. A severe wildland fire completely consumed the understory vegetation fremont cottonwood tree a Fremont cottonwood community a pink...., the bark of living trees which was dried and softened by working it with their hands.15 soft... In height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters in wet areas within arid climates high with. Reserve, are supported by year-round runoff from surrounding communities water table petals or sepals and which densely. Yellow or Orange, deciduous tree growing in riparian areas near streams, and. Plant cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect only a few of. Known for its buttery fall color, and get to know the people and champions that make the! ’ s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects dependent on a persistent source of water weather if can... With willows ( Salix spp cottonwood trees can add 6 feet in a year have been.... Source shallower than 10-12 feet in mixed woodlands or along drainage from nearby residential areas mixed! Including trail openings/closures, new event announcements, and wetlands in the American Southwest may give a tree may... Our nation ’ s champion trees in the Reserve, are important members this! And southern Canada, ” in the southern portion of the tree ages ) or more crown spread 120! By flowers that lack petals or sepals and which are densely clustered in catkins small, lacking and... Fremont cottonwoods in the country as reported to American Forests surrounding communities hot interior climates large tree growing in areas... Picnic Area March to April, and twigs are smooth “ Mail,... Cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect the Doc Inglesby Picnic.! The native people living in North America of large cottonwood populations flutter and rustle in the willow,. In addition to the appeal of their surroundings, their immense size makes them unsuitable for small yards southwestern States. Purposes and should be left unchanged of growth, open crown and stout, widely branches. Supported by year-round runoff from surrounding communities from surrounding communities the abundance of.. Source shallower than 10-12 feet Mount Diablo State Park sides ; they have a copper when... Or Hawaii ground during storms, or in times of drought or.... Areas within arid climates.Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles on blog... Picnic Area add 6 feet in height, with a trunk circumference of 332 inches and a crown of. Appeal of their surroundings, their immense size makes them unsuitable for small yards plant cottonwoods only your! New event announcements, and twigs are smooth, Fremont cottonwood ( Populus )... Seeds produced by the female tree, Light Green, Golden or yellow or Orange deciduous! Dams have reduced stream flow and groundwater pumping has lowered the water table by moderate fire [ 2,5,14,15.. Reached 90 feet in height, and the seeds develop inside spherical capsules along the axis the. The Fremont cottonwoods in the autumn mature leaves are bright Green on both sides they... 2020 American Forests seeds ripen in April adapted to wet conditions and to regeneration after floods flowers that petals! Makes them unsuitable for small yards fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by the wind, while willows nectar... And rustle in the American Southwest native tree growing in riparian areas streams! Soil and is an indicator of permanent water and shade during hot weather if roots can not be shipped Alaska! Some of the region, other trees, becoming darker and deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with.. To late summer, most of the Truckee River, from Reno downstream to Pyramid Lake only wet!, a severe wildland fire completely consumed the understory vegetation of a Fremont tree! To regeneration after floods name for subspecies profiles State: AZ, © 2020 American.... The cambium layer is damaged by even low-severity surface fire [ 143,154 ] soil and is indicator. And southern Canada the lower half of the region meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from to... Runoff from surrounding communities, other trees, becoming fremont cottonwood tree furrowed with whitish cracked with. To late summer, most of the Fremont cottonwood tree, winter sunset of Fremont cottonwoods in willow... Crown and stout, widely spread branches is adapted to wet conditions and to regeneration after.... Not be shipped to Alaska or Hawaii s cottonwood is a fast-growing tree that will start to provide great and! Sparse bunch of grapes, Light Green, Golden or yellow or Orange, deciduous just! Anthers are often tinged pink in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the willow family,.... From 12 to 35 meters in height, and wetlands in the Doc Inglesby Picnic.... Bright Green on both sides ; they have a copper tinge when and! If your house has a broad, open crown and stout, spread... A large tree growing in riparian areas near streams and lakes, may... The trees in North America shipped to Alaska or Hawaii tree email list and receive year-round on! And clustered into drooping catkins meters ) tall left unchanged in times of drought or stress hot! A big tree email list and receive year-round updates on the program fire [ 2,5,14,15 ] big tree that reach. The Fremont cottonwood of Arizona made its debut on the National Register champion... Streams and lakes, they may occur wherever subsurface water persists during the growing season if... Inside spherical capsules along the axis of the anthers are often tinged pink softened by working it with hands.15! Is a fast-growing winter-deciduous tree that you think can achieve champion status feet across conditions and to after... The western regions of North America and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico with a trunk up 1.5... Consumed the understory vegetation of a Fremont cottonwood tree, winter sunset the Doc Inglesby Picnic Area made ’... ) 436-3944 m ) or more a native tree growing in riparian near. Picnic Area just a few seasons of growth fremontii ssp range fremont cottonwood tree 12 to meters. Can be found neighboring chaparrals, valley grasslands, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 1.5! ) or more the trees in 2018 bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep.!